Pressure To Return Repose On Syrian Refugees In Lebanon

Integration of Refugees - Fifth Edition of the Averroes Academy

The impact of the eight-year long, Syrian conflict has shed its burdens on millions of Syrian civilians that are forced into exile from their country, making them the largest refugee population worldwide. This crisis has effected other countries in the region, particularly Lebanon, which now hosts the highest per capita number of refugees. For the 1.5 million Syrians in Lebanon, it is a struggle to cope with the impact of Syrian refugees on preexisting socioeconomic and political tensions. Some refugees are willing to return home, while others wish to remain where they are, because of fear of persecution back in Syria. In either case, the majority are still caught in a tenuous existence and in desperate need of stability, security and basic services.

Western European countries are struggling to mitigate the domestic impact of the migration crisis, while responding to the humanitarian needs of refugees in their countries of displacement. The EU and its member states collectively allocating 10.6 billion in humanitarian and development assistance since 2011. As the conflict in Syria drags on, international donations have stagnated; in fact, the 2019 funding gap for UNHCR in Lebanon is its worst so far. Despite the need steadily rising, this situation looks set to continue, with the aid requirements of refugees and their local host communities, many of whom reside in impoverished areas, not diminishing. Given that these funding gaps have existed since 2012, it should come as no surprise that there has been little marked improvement in the socioeconomic conditions of refugees, despite years of aid. In a 2019 update to the UNHCR’s refugee response plan for 2017 to 2020, the agency stated that more than 76 percent of Syrian refugees live below the poverty line, set at $3.84 per day.

With diminishing funding, the government of Lebanon, suspending UNHCR’s ability to register new refugees in 2015, and severe Legal and labor restrictions, the socioeconomic wellbeing of Syrian refugees in urban and rural areas is unlikely to improve during 2019. It appears that refugees will continue to rely on borrowed money for subsistence. These unsustainable conditions could also be a catalyst for some to take the risk of returning to Syria, despite the lack of a political solution to the conflict.

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تضخم البطالة في فلسطين

تعد البطالة العالية في فلسطين من الأسباب الرئيسية التي ساعدت على إرهاق مستقبل الشعب الفلسطيني في ظل الأزمات الاقتصادية والسياسية كالممارسات الإسرائيلية المستمرة يوميا والقيود التي تفرضها دولة الاحتلال على الشعب والحكومة الفلسطينية

تحفيز الاستثمارات الخاصة في البنية التحتية في مصر:

الاستثمار الخاص سواء المحلي أو الأجنبي من أهم ركائز النمو الاقتصادي. ويتخذ المستثمر قراره الاستثماري وفقا لمَوَاطِن تعظيم العائد والربحية. في مصر، وعلى الرغم من أن مشروعات البنية التحتية تتميز بالعائد المضمون والمستقر وعلى الرغم من وضع الدولة قانون

ترخيص سيارات الأجرة المعتمدة على التطبيقات الذكية

يعد قطاع النقل أساس ترتكز عليه مجمل النشاطات الأخرى في العملية الاقتصادية، حيث تحدد بحسبه المدة اللازمة لنقل الموظفين والعاملين إلى أماكن عملهم، وما يرتبط بذلك من رفع أو خفض لمستوى الإنتاجية. وكما في العديد من الدول النامية يعاني هذا القطاع في الأرد