An Alternative Approach: Linking Relief, Rehabilitation and Development Through Livelihood Support

Integration of refugees from humanitarian crisis to development challenge

Yemen has been impacted negatively as a result of its current conflict. The conflict was one of the main reasons that led Yemeni people lose their main source of income. Besides, the suspension of the government salaries since August 2016

has deteriorated people’s financial status furthermore. The conflict has also forced many families to leave their homes and be displaced.

Currently, most donors and non- governmental organizations focus on providing emergency relief in order to assist with the humanitarian crisis taking place in Yemen.

Development aid has decreased significantly since the start of the conflict. With Yemen’s prolonged conflict, a more sustainable and self-dependent approach is needed in order to increase people’s resilience and be able to cope with future crisis on the long-term.

This brief suggests an alternative approach by Linking Relief, Rehabilitation and Development (LRRD). The LRRD approach focuses on providing emergency aid and bridging it with development to provide a more effective, sustainable and accountable assistance. Such an approach can be applied using a combination of social safety nets, capacity building and livelihoods programming.

This brief focuses on Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) since they are considered one of the most vulnerable groups in this

conflict. It also addresses host families since they share the economical burdens while hosting the IDPs and could be as vulnerable as them. To build resilience of IDPs, allow them to live with dignity and move from dependency to self-support, the brief suggests the following recommendations:

1. Design programs and increase funding for IDPs sustainable livelihood support in order to move from independency to self-support (creating livelihood and employment opportunities will not only make IDPs less likely to be dependent on humanitarian aid, it will also contribute to the revenues of the social services and public sector and to economic growth).

2. Establish a mechanism and process that allows IDPs who are eligible to register for livelihood support, since there is no formal comprehensive IDP registration.

3. Ensure that any programming should include host communities (it is advised that any programming that targets IDPs should also include host communities that share the similar burdens as IDPs and could be as vulnerable as the IDPs).

4. Programmes should be adapted to local context and build on successful examples of local social resilience (no “one size fits all”).

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تضخم البطالة في فلسطين

تعد البطالة العالية في فلسطين من الأسباب الرئيسية التي ساعدت على إرهاق مستقبل الشعب الفلسطيني في ظل الأزمات الاقتصادية والسياسية كالممارسات الإسرائيلية المستمرة يوميا والقيود التي تفرضها دولة الاحتلال على الشعب والحكومة الفلسطينية

تحفيز الاستثمارات الخاصة في البنية التحتية في مصر:

الاستثمار الخاص سواء المحلي أو الأجنبي من أهم ركائز النمو الاقتصادي. ويتخذ المستثمر قراره الاستثماري وفقا لمَوَاطِن تعظيم العائد والربحية. في مصر، وعلى الرغم من أن مشروعات البنية التحتية تتميز بالعائد المضمون والمستقر وعلى الرغم من وضع الدولة قانون

ترخيص سيارات الأجرة المعتمدة على التطبيقات الذكية

يعد قطاع النقل أساس ترتكز عليه مجمل النشاطات الأخرى في العملية الاقتصادية، حيث تحدد بحسبه المدة اللازمة لنقل الموظفين والعاملين إلى أماكن عملهم، وما يرتبط بذلك من رفع أو خفض لمستوى الإنتاجية. وكما في العديد من الدول النامية يعاني هذا القطاع في الأرد