Integration of Syrian Refugees Through Higher Education and Vocational Training

Integration of refugees from humanitarian crisis to development challenge

With the largest refugee population from Syria—more than 1,200,000 at the time of writing—Lebanon’s national education system and relief efforts are under immense pressure.

A large proportion of refugees remain unregistered, which prevents access to education and other social services. Poverty drives refugee families, particularly in Lebanon’s North and Bekaa regions to send children and youth to work. With many young refugees in employment, the opportunity to re-enter education is limited. At the service provision level, refugee youth are deprived of education owing to school- related expenses and items such as tuition, stationery, books and transportation.

Interventions that can help parents to overcome financial barriers to education remain necessary. Significant efforts have been taken to open closed schools, instigate building new schools and enroll more Syrian students through the double shift systems, yet only 19 percent access formal secondary school.

However, within Lebanon’s public schools, services and facilities vary in quality. Past mapping reports and field research indicate basic facilities are lacking in schools such as running water and stable electricity supplies. Moreover, focus group discussions illustrated the need for the development and enforcement of child protection policies in schools, and raised awareness of child abuse and protection issues among teachers and principals.

The private sector possesses a great potential in Lebanon given its flexibility and ability to tailor itself to children’s needs. Designing and funding a second shift system in Lebanese private schools and covering all related expenses to enroll thousands of refugee children and adolescents, represents a feasible and efficient solution. Partnering with Lebanese formal vocational training institutions to design programs that are tailored to the needs and living conditions of young refugees, and then enrolling them for a minimal fee that can be covered by funders and donors, is a highly recommended solution. Other potential solutions include partnering with Lebanese vocational and higher education institutions to provide partial and full scholarships for exceptional and talented young refugees; and partnering with NGOs that provide non-formal education to include non-formal and— where possible—formal vocational training at their centers.

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تضخم البطالة في فلسطين

تعد البطالة العالية في فلسطين من الأسباب الرئيسية التي ساعدت على إرهاق مستقبل الشعب الفلسطيني في ظل الأزمات الاقتصادية والسياسية كالممارسات الإسرائيلية المستمرة يوميا والقيود التي تفرضها دولة الاحتلال على الشعب والحكومة الفلسطينية

تحفيز الاستثمارات الخاصة في البنية التحتية في مصر:

الاستثمار الخاص سواء المحلي أو الأجنبي من أهم ركائز النمو الاقتصادي. ويتخذ المستثمر قراره الاستثماري وفقا لمَوَاطِن تعظيم العائد والربحية. في مصر، وعلى الرغم من أن مشروعات البنية التحتية تتميز بالعائد المضمون والمستقر وعلى الرغم من وضع الدولة قانون

ترخيص سيارات الأجرة المعتمدة على التطبيقات الذكية

يعد قطاع النقل أساس ترتكز عليه مجمل النشاطات الأخرى في العملية الاقتصادية، حيث تحدد بحسبه المدة اللازمة لنقل الموظفين والعاملين إلى أماكن عملهم، وما يرتبط بذلك من رفع أو خفض لمستوى الإنتاجية. وكما في العديد من الدول النامية يعاني هذا القطاع في الأرد